PhD OPENING CLASS: “Archives”, by Professor Mário Kruger

We welcome our 2021-22 PhD students in Architecture at the Lusófona University of Lisbon and Porto, with an Inaugural Lecture given by Professor Mário Kruger. The class will deal with the theme of “Archives” and will take place this Friday, at 3 pm, in the Zoom room:

The class is open to interested parties.


Bunker Atlantis: Knowing to preserve Plan Barron of Defense of Lisbon and Setúbal









Bunker Atlantis: Knowing to preserve Plan Barron of Defense of Lisbon and Setúbal

By Maria Rita Pais


Conference Cycle FORMA

1 de December, 18:30

Sala G.2.3.2




The transfer of bases in Azores to England, in 1943, changes the course of Portuguese armament and to ensure the security of the new “allied” country, the War Office establishes a joint defense plan for the continent. This “English phase” revives a 1938 project, Plan Barron (PB) for the defense of Lisbon and Setúbal, designed by the WO with the Washington Naval Treaty in mind, which Portugal had signed in 1922. The set draws a geography of surveillance and counter-bombing in the Tagus and Sado basins with eight fixed, secret, camouflaged and fortified batteries. The PB set constitutes what Gilbert Simondon calls a techno-aesthetic work, “entirely successful and beautiful” (Simondon, 1992, p.255). The project takes homage to Reyner Banham in Concrete Atlantis, as Bunker Atlantis also investigates “abandoned installations (…) barely architecture at all” (1989, p.2), but above all recalls its reference to an imaginary island in the middle of the Atlantic, from Francis Bacon “Great Atlantis”. Lisbon is the only European capital that confronts the Atlantic, a plaza in the big ocean that has always needed particular defense. So, Bunker Atlantis proposes to investigate, for the first time after its declassification (1998 to 2004), the PB, a structure with about 575,500 m2 of total area divided by eight batteries spread along the Lisbon coast. Each battery contains a set of large dimensioned bunkers to support long-range artillery pieces. Five are abandoned, one partially demolished and two have cultural use in other military areas. The variety of its forms is consistent with the diversity of the territories where they are located, from the natural park of Arrábida and Fonte da Telha to the densely populated Lisbon suburbs.


Cycle of classes Kindergarten Architecture: Contemporary Practices







Cycle of classes

Kindergarten Architecture: Contemporary Practices

November/December 2021

Aula #1


ORANGE Arquitectura – Alexandre Dias e Amália Freitas


TIPO encomenda privada


LOCALIZAÇÃO Coimbra, Portugal

STATUS construído

FOTOGRAFIA do mal o menos

The cycle of classes provides students with knowledge of subjects directly related to the the

me and program of the curricular unit of Architecture I, through direct contact with authors of contemporary architecture practices in Kindergartens. Its objectives consist fundamentally in inducing the questioning of reductive interpretations of the data and the context, stimulating the development of competences to consolidate the methodological domain of the design processes and an awareness of the architect’s action as a moderating agent of reality.



22-11-2021 Orange-Arquitectura – Alexandre Dias e Amália Freitas

29-11-2021 Site Specific- Patrícia Marques e Paulo Costa

Thursdays, (e-learning via Zoom):

2-12-2021  PM Arquitectos – Pedro Mendes

9-12-2021  Sastudio -Tiago Sá


DAU- Departamento de Arquitectura e Urbanismo, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisboa

Unidade curricular Arquitetura I, 4º ano, 1º semestre, 2021/2022, Mestrado Integrado

Organização: Carlos Guimarães, Francisco Portugal e Gomes